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Pronouns as subject

§ 62.

1. Indefinite pronouns (somebody, someone, anybody),

universal pronouns (everybody, everyone, everything, each, either),

negative pronouns (nobody, no one, neither, etc.)

take a singular predicate.

Somebodyis asking for you.

Nobodyhas come except me.

Everyone of usis present.

Neither of the studentshas made a mistake.

Eachhas answered well.


However, none has a plural verb-predicate.

Nonewere here.

None of usunderstand it.

None of themhave come.

All in the sense of «всё» has a singular verb, while all in the senseof«все» takes a plural verb.

Allis well that ends well.

All that glittersis not gold.

Allwere in favour of the plan.


2. Interrogative pronouns who, what take a singular verb-predicate.

Whohas come? Whatis there?


But if the pronoun denotes more than one person or thing a plural verb-predicate is used.

Whoare walking in the garden?

Whohave agreed to act?


3. With relative pronouns the form of the verb depends on the noun or pronoun which is its antecedent.


Do you know the girl wholives next door?

(The girl lives...)

Do you know the girls wholive next door?

(The girls live...)

Mary is one of those girls who neverknow what they will do next.

Even I, whohave seen it all, can hardly believe it.

It is you whoare right. It is I whoam wrong.

But: It’s me whois wrong.


4. The universal pronoun both has a plural verb-predicate.


Which of the letters are yours? Bothare mine.

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