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B Read the encyclopaedia extracts (1-6) and match them with these headings. There is an extra heading.

· snowboarding

· the history of skiing

· ski jumping

· ice hockey

· extreme skiing

· Winter Olympics

· freestyle skiing

1) __________ This spectacular sport was invented by the Norwegian, Sondre Norheim, in the 1840s and the first competitions were held in the 1860s. Jumpers fly through the air at up to 100 kph and spend several seconds literally flying.  
2) __________ The oldest skis were found in Sweden and are around 5,000 years old. Skis have been used in Scandinavia for transport and hunting since prehistoric times. One of the first cross-country ski races was held in 1843 in Norway. Alpine skiing was developed in the late 19th century in Switzerland. The first Alpine race was organized in 1911 by Sir Arnold Lunn and many of his rules for competitions have been used since then. 3) __________ This has only been done since the 1960s and was introduced into international competition in the 1970s. It is a mixture of skiing, skating, gymnastics and ballet.
4) __________ The games have been held since 1924 and they are organized in ski resorts around the world every four years. The record for gold medals is held by Bjorn Daehlie of Norway (8 medals). The youngest medal winner is speed skater Yoon-mi Kim of Korea at the age of 13.
5) __________ This was started in the 1960s but has not been made an Olympic event because it is so dangerous. It involves skiing down some of the most dangerous places in the mountains and is only done by a few people. The definition of the sport is: ‘If you fall, you die.’ 6) __________ This was developed from surfing and skateboarding and was the fastest-growing winter sport of the 1980s and 1990s. It was made an Olympic event at Nagano in 1998.


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