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Служебные части речи. Предлог. Союз. Частицы


The First Day at School

Do you remember your first day at school? It was probably 1 ____ confusing. Now, to 2 ____ this confusion, many primary schools in England have a special teacher who welcomes new pupils. She is 3 ____ a reception class teacher. The children are 4 ____ with the idea of school and if they have been good, they can’t understand why they have to go to school. They imagine that school is optional. When the child goes to school on his first day and watches his mother leaving he thinks that she is deserting him. The teacher must 5 ____ him that at the end of the day his mother will be back and take him home. The children are not the only people that are disturbed by going to school. The teacher sometimes has as much difficulty in 6 ____ with the mothers. They hang around and dislike leaving the child without their protection.The best way to 7 ____ with the situation is to get the child used to the idea of school. Before the beginning of term, the mother should take her child to see the teacher and to look 8 ____ the school. The first day should be something to emphasize the regularity of school.

1. А) enough; Б) rarely; В) rather; Г) equally

2. A) escape; Б) defeat; В) beat; Г) avoid

3. A) named; Б) CALLED; В) said; Г) told

4. A) afraid; Б) threatened; В) endangered; Г) risked

5. A) convince; Б) prove; В) explain; Г) announce

6. A) managing; Б) guiding; В) coping; Г) handling

7. A) face; Б) deal; В) touch; Г) consider

8. A) through; Б) about; В) after; Г) round

Your Future World

What will you be doing in 2025? Will you be living in an undersea research station? Will you be the chief engineer 1 ______ a bridge across the Atlantic Ocean? Will you be leading an 2 ______ to the planet Mars? Will you be …?You can daydream, of course, but nobody knows exactly what the world will be 3 ______. But scientists have made some guesses.Based on the advances made, they believe people will be healthier. Diphtheria, malaria, tuberculosis, polio and many other killers are under control now. These diseases are on the way out, 4 ______ to germ-killing chemicals, new ways of finding out about our bodies, and new ways of providing clean, safe 5 ______ and water.Healthier people live longer, so we can expect the world’s population to 6 ______ sharply. It may double in the next forty years! This brings up a serious problem: how will we find food, water, and minerals for such a huge population?Scientists are at work on some 7 ______. From the ocean they hope to get new fertilizers to increase the yield of the soil; new chemicals to kill crop-destroying insects without 8 ______ other animals, new sources of water or supplies of food.

1. A) inventing; Б) designing; В) scheming; Г) doing

2. A) exploration; Б) expenditure; В) expedition; Г) exhibit

3. A) like; Б) alike; В) likely; Г) likable

4. A) as a result; Б) because; В) on account; Г) thanks

5. A) eat; Б) feed; В) food; Г) cooking

6. A) decrease; Б) distract; В) dissolve; Г) increase

7. A) solutions; Б) alternatives; В) preferences; Г) questions

8. A) hurting; Б) harming; В) injuring; Г) wounding


The first Europeans to visit what is now CALLED Alaska were Russian sailors led by Captain Bering. The 1 ______ was funded by Russian czar Peter the Great. In 1728 Bering and his crew 2 ______ through the strait that is now named after him, between the easternmost part of Asia and the westernmost part of the Americas. Their journey 3 ______ that Asia was not connected to North America; however, due to the heavy fog, they never actually saw the nearby land of North America. In 1741 Bering headed further south, landing on tiny Kayak Island off the 4 ______ of what is now the southeastern part of the state.In the 1780s and 1790s Russians began small colonies, first on Kodiak Island and later on the mainland. In 1799 the Russian-American Company was established to 5 ______ Russian interests. For the next 68 years the company provided the only form of government for the European colonists, 6 ______ never numbered more than a few hundred. The Russians ruled the 7 ______ until the late 1860s, when they sold it to the United States for $7.2 million dollars.The 8 ______ of gold in 1896 in the Yukon Territory started a huge gold rush that brought thousands of settlers.

1. A) travel; Б) trip; В) journey; Г) expedition

2. A) paddled; Б) sailed; В) travelled; Г) rowed

3. A) proved; Б) convinced; В) persuaded; Г) appeared

4. A) bank; Б) beach; В) shore; Г) sea-side

5. A) look after; Б) look at; В) look for; Г) look away

6. A) which; Б) whose; В) what; Г) who

7. A) country; Б) area; В) ground; Г) earth

8. A) discovery; Б) detection; В) exploration; Г) innovation


“Ordinary” was the worst word she could find for anything. She and I would argue fiercely because I wanted to be ordinary as desperately as my mother wanted to be 1 ______.“I can’t 2 ______ that hair-do”, she said when I went to the hairdresser with my friend and came back with a pageboy haircut straight out of Seventeen magazine, “It’s so terribly ordinary”. Not ugly, not unsuitable. But ordinary. Her 3 ______ of ordinariness came out most strongly in her clothes. “Couldn’t you please 4 ______ something else?” I asked her when she was dressing for Parents’ Day in tight-fitting pants and a bright pink sweater, with a Mexican cape. “What’s wrong with my outfit?” What wasn’t wrong with it! “It’s just that I wish it would be something more plain,” I said sheepishly, “something that people won’t 5 ______ at.” She looked at me angrily and drew herself 6 ______ to her full height of five feet ten inches. “Are you 7 ______ of your own mother? Because if you are, Isadora, I feel 8 ______ for you. I really do.”

1. A) uncommon; Б) unusual; В) odd; Г) peculiar

2. A) stand; Б) approve; В) agree; Г) vote

3. A) worry; Б) trouble; В) panic; Г) fear

4. A) dress; Б) PUT; В) wear; Г) clothe

5. A) watch; Б) stare; В) glance; Г) peep

6. A) up; Б) on; В) over; Г) at

7. A) sorry; Б) shamed; В) ashamed; Г) angry

8. A) regretful; Б) sorry; В) guilty; Г) unhappy

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