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Проблема периодизации русской литературы ХХ века. Краткая характеристика второй половины ХХ века

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Характеристика шлифовальных кругов и ее маркировка

Служебные части речи. Предлог. Союз. Частицы


You must have much practice when you are learning to speak a foreign language. 2. When you

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speak English,pay attention to the order of words. 3. When you are copying English texts,pay atten­tion to the articles. 4. When you begin to work with the dictionary,don't forget my instructions. 5. Be careful when you are crossing a street. 6. When you are leaving the room,don't forget to switch off the light. 7. When they were travelling in Cen­tral Africa,the explorers met many wild animals.

Past Participle = Participle II

III форма глагола

broken — сломанный, разбитый written — написанный eaten — съеденный

Упражнение 378

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на Past Participle.

1. She put a plate of fried fish in front of me.

2. The coat bought last year is too small for me now.

3. Nobody saw the things kept in that box. 4. My sister likes boiled eggs. 5. We stopped before a shut door. 6. Tied to the tree, the goat could not run away. 7. They saw overturned tables and chairs and pieces of broken glass all over the room. 8. This is a church built many years ago. 9. The books written by Dickens give us a realistic picture of the 19thcentury England.


Сравните употребление Participle I (ing-форма) и Participle II (III форма глагола)

taking — берущий, беря taken — взятый

doing — делающий, делая done — сделанный

Упражнение 379

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на Participle I и Participle II.

1.a) A letter sent from St. Petersburg today will

be in Moscow tomorrow.

b) He saw some people in the post office send­ing telegrams.

c) When sending the telegram, she forgot to write her name.

2. a) Some of the questions put to the lecturer

yesterday were very important.

b) The girl putting the book on the shelf is the new librarian.

c) While putting the eggs into the basket, she broke one of them.

3. a) A fish taken out of the water cannot live.

b) A person taking a sunbath must be very care­ful.

c) Taking a dictionary, he began to translate the text.

4. a) A line seen through this crystal looks double.

b) A teacher seeing a mistake in a student's dictation always corrects it.

c) Seeing clouds of smoke over the house, the girl cried, "Fire! Fire!"

5. a) The word said by the student was not correct,
b) The man standing at the door of the train

carriage and saying goodbye to his friends is a well-known musician.

Причастие 309

с) Standing at the window, she was waving her hand. 6. a) A word spoken in time may have very im­portant results.

b) The students speaking good English must help their classmates.

c) The speaking doll interested the child very much.

d) While speaking to Nick some days ago, I for­got to ask him about his sister.

Упражнение 380

Выберите из скобок требующуюся форму причас­тия.

1. a) The girl (writing, written) on the blackboard

is our best pupil, b) Everything (writing, written) here is quite right.

2. a) We listened to the girls (singing, sung) Rus-

sian folk songs, b) We listened to the Russian folk songs (sing­ing, sung) by the girls.

3. a) The girl (washing, washed) the floor is my

sister, b) The floor (washing, washed) by Helen looked very clean.

4. a) Who is that boy (doing, done) his homework

at that table? b) The exercises (doing, done) by the pupils were easy.

5. a) The house (surrounding, surrounded) by tall

trees is very beautiful, b) The wall (surrounding, surrounded) the house was very high.




6. Read the (translating, translated) sentences once more.

7. Name some places (visiting, visited) by you last year.

8. I picked up the pencil (lying, lain) on the floor.

9. She was reading the book (buying, bought) the day before.


10. Yesterday we were at a conference (organizing, organized) by the pupils of the 10th form.

11. (Taking, taken) the girl by the hand, she led her across the street.

12. It was not easy to find the (losing, lost) stamp.

13. I shall show you a picture (painting, painted) by Hogarth.

14. Here is the letter (receiving, received) by me yesterday.

15. Do you know the girl (playing, played) in the garden?

16. The book (writing, written) by this scientist is very interesting.

17. Translate the words (writing, written) on the blackboard.

18. We could not see the sun (covering, covered) by dark clouds.

19. The (losing, lost) book was found at last.

20. (Going, gone) along the street, I met Mary and Ann.

21. Look at the beautiful flowers (gathering, gath­ered) by the children.

22. His hat (blowing, blown) off by the wind was lying in the middle of the street.

23. "How do you like the film?" he asked, (turn­ing, turned) towards me.

24. When we came nearer, we saw two boys (com­ing, come) towards us.

25. I think that the boy (standing, stood) there is his brother.

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