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Методические подходы к анализу финансового состояния предприятия

Проблема периодизации русской литературы ХХ века. Краткая характеристика второй половины ХХ века

Ценовые и неценовые факторы

Характеристика шлифовальных кругов и ее маркировка

Служебные части речи. Предлог. Союз. Частицы


II. Translate the following phrases, using the given variants of translation.

To consist – состоять: to consist of a stationary part and a rotating part; separated – отдельный, изолированный: the stationary and rotating parts should be separated from each other by an air gap; to serve – служить в качестве чего-либо: the ringshaped portion or yoke serves as a path for the main and commutating pole fluxes.

II. Join the beginnings and the ends

Beginnings Ends
The stationary parts of a d.c. machine are .... a laminated core the end of which carries a pole shoe and a field coil
The two main parts of a direct current machine are .... main poles, commutating poles and a frame
The main pole consists of .... A stationary part or stator and a rotating part, called the armature or the rotor

IV. Arrange synonyms in pairs and memorize them:

a) to consist of; to be separated from; to create; to be interposed between; to pass; to rotate;

в) to be divided with; to produce; to introduce into; to permeate; to roll; to revolve; to comprise.

V. Write out the names of the machine parts and describe their operational characteristics.


I. Read the text.

The Alternator

The alternator is an electric machine for generating an alternating current by a relative motion of conductors and a magnetic field. The machine usually has a rotating field and a stationary armature. In a synchronous alternator the magnetic field is excited with a direct current. The direction of an induced e.m.f. is reversed each time when a conductor passes from a pole of one polarity to a pole at another polarity. Most machines of this type are used for lighting and power, but there are alternators with a revoking armature and a stationary field. They are used in small sizes mostly for special purposes.

Any electrical machine is reversible. When a machine is driven by a source of mechanical power, it works as a generator and delivers electrical power. If it is connected to a source of electrical power, it produces mechanical energy, and operates as a motor. The alternator may also be operated as a motor.

The a.c. generator, or alternator, does not differ in principle from the d.c. generator. The alternator consists of a field structure and an armature. The field structure is magnetized by a field winding carrying a direct current. An electromotive force is generated in tine winding of the armature. In alternators the field is usually the rotating element and the armature is stationary. This construction has a number of advantages. Only two rings are needed with a rotating field. These rings carry only a relatively light field current, at a voltage generally of 125, and seldom exceeding 250. The insulation of such rings is not difficult. A stationary armature requires no slip rings. The leads from the armature can be continuously insulated from the armature winding to the switchboard, leaving no bare conductor. The alternator with a rotating field may be further divided into the vertical and the horizontal types.

The vertical type is usually applied for large water-wheel generators where it is desirable to mount the water turbine below the generator. The more common horizontal type is used with diesel and steam engine drive. A low-speed alternator of this type is suitable for a diesel engine drive, a high speed alternator is suitable for a steam turbine drive.

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