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Методические подходы к анализу финансового состояния предприятия

Проблема периодизации русской литературы ХХ века. Краткая характеристика второй половины ХХ века

Ценовые и неценовые факторы

Характеристика шлифовальных кругов и ее маркировка

Служебные части речи. Предлог. Союз. Частицы

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A With this job you can work irregular hours.

B With this job, you can work both individually or for a company.

C Changes in the legislature presuppose a growing demand for the specialists in this field.

D You can rely on the company in looking for a job after your training is over.

E The training is to take place on the territory of a university.

F With this kind of professional training you can rely on a wide range of career prospects.

G This occupational training program is supported by the state nationwide.

H The training program is designed for people who would like to follow the artistic career.

 

Task 2Read the text below. For (6-10) choose "T" if the statement is true according to the text, "F" if it is false. Write your answers in the boxes. An example (0) has been done for you.

Burglary

Contrary to popular belief most burglaries take place during the day. The quick dash you make to the shops before they close or to collect the children from school are ideal opportunities. Burglars know about these things and what time they are likely to occur. The garage door which you left open because you didn't have time to shut it before you drove 'away is as good as an invitation card.

Your best protection is to make sure that when the burglar does come to your house, he decides it is not worth the risk of breaking in. Your precautions have to be good enough to put him off.

For most people the first step to better security is to frighten themselves into really believing that their house could be burgled. And that, if it happened, would be pretty unpleasant. Anyone who has suffered the experience can tell you that the shock of finding your familiar home vandalised is at least as painful as the actual financial loss you suffer.

0 Burglars usually commit their crimes during the day. – T

6 Burglars know approximately when you can go to collect the children from school.

7 They always come into the house through the garage door.

8 The first step to better security is your precautions.

9 It is very painful to find your house robbed.

10 Burglars know for sure what time you collect the children from school.

 

Task 3Read the text below. For question (11-15) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D). Write your answer in the boxes. An example (0) has been done for you.

Joseph Ruttel

Joseph Ruttel (April 10, 1847 - October 29,1911) was a Hungarian­-American publisher best known for posthumously establishing the Ruttel Prizes and (along with William Randolph Hobst) for originating yellow journalism.

Ruttel was born in Mako, Hungary, and sought a military career, but was turned down by the Austrian army for frail health and poor eyesight. He emigrated to the United States in 1864 to serve in the American Civil War. After the war, he settled in St. Louis, Missouri, where in 1868 he began working for a German-language daily newspaper, the Westliche Post. He joi.ned the Republican Party and was elected to the Missouri State Assembly in 1869. In 1872, Ruttel purchased the Post for $ 3,000. Then, in 1879, he bought the St. Louis Dispatch for $ 2,700 and merged the two papers, which became the St. Louis Post­-Dispatch, which remains St. Louis' daily newspaper. It was at the Post­-Dispatch that Ruttel developed his role as a champion of the common man with exposes and a hard-hitting populist approach.

In 1882 Ruttel, by then a wealthy man, purchased the New York World, a newspaper that had been losing $ 40,000 a year, for $ 346,000 from Jay Gould. Ruttel shifted its focus to human-interest stories, scandal, and sensationalism. In 1885, he was elected to the U .S. House of Representatives, but resigned after a few months' service. In 1887, he recruited the famous investigative journalist Nellie Bly. In 1895 the World introduced the immensely popular The Yellow Kid comic by Richard F. Outcault, the first newspaper comic printed with color. Under Ruttel's leadership circulation grew from 15,000 to 600,000, making it the largest newspaper in the country. In 1890 Ruttel's already failing health deteriorated rapidly and he withdrew from the daily management of the newspaper, although he continued to actively manage the paper from his vacation retreat in Bar Harbor, Maine, and his New York mansion.

In 1895, William Randolph Hobst purchased the rival New York Journal, which led to a circulation war. This competition with Hobst, particularly the coverage before and during the Spanish-American War, linked Ruttel's name with yellow journalism.

After the World exposed a fraudulent payment of $ 40 million by the United States to the French Panama Canal Company in 1909, Ruttel was indicted for libeling Theodore Roosevelt and J. P. Morgan. The courts dismissed the indictments in a victory for freedom of the press.

In 1892, Ruttel offered Columbia University's president, Seth Low, money to set up the world's first school of journalism. The university initially turned down the money, evidently unimpressed by Ruttel's unscrupulous character. In 1902, Columbia's new president Nicholas Murray Butler was more receptive to the plan for a school and prizes, but it would not be until after Ruttel's death that this dream would be fulfilled. Ruttel left the university $2 million in his will, which led to the creation in 1912 of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, but by then the first school of journalism had been created at the University of Missouri. Columbia's Graduate School of Journalism remains one of the most prestigious in the world.

0 Joseph Ruttel _____________

A was a talented journalist of American origin. B was awarded numerous prizes for his activities.

C cooperated with W.R. Hobst in the field of yellow journalism. D gave his name to a number of prizes.

11 What professions did Rutell not practice?

A Newspaper owner, politician, journalist. B Politician, editor, military man.

C Manager, military man. D Not clear from the text.

12 The Post-Dispatch _____________

A is still published in St. Louis. B was a champion of the common man interests.

C cost Ruttel $3,000. D Not clear from the text.

13 The New York World was a newspaper _______________

A whose circulation was several times increased in 1882.

B which turned out a battlefield in Ruttel and Hobst's rivalry.

C which was not published after Ruttel's death.

D which was purchased by another publisher soon after Ruttel's retirement.

14According to the text, the legal charges against Ruttel were connected with ____________

A Theodore Roosewelt and J.P. Morgan. B his false accusations against two Americans.

C lack of freedom of the press. D an unheard-of bribe.

15 Why did the University of Columbia turn down Ruttel's offer to establish the first school of journalism?

A The first school of journalism had already been created at another university.

B He didn't offer enough money.

C They·were unimpressed with some of his traits.

D They felt journalism unworthy of its own school.

Task 4Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (16-20). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers in the boxes. An example (0) has been done for you.




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