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КАТЕГОРИИ:






Common CoUo^uiaL Vocabulary




-Profession­alisms i special Colloquial Vocabulary (non-Literary)

of the English language as being divided into three main layers: the literary layer, the neutral layer and the collo­quial l а у е r. The literary and the colloquial layers contain a num­ber of subgroups each of which has a property it shares with all the sub­groups within the layer. This common property, which unites the differ­ent groups of words within the layer, may be called its aspect. The as­pect of the literary layer is its markedly bookish character. It is this that makes the layer more or less stable. The aspect of the colloquial layer of words is its lively spoken character. It is this that makes it unstable, fleeting.

The aspect of the neutral layer is its universal character. That means it is unrestricted in its use. It can be employed in all styles of language and in all spheres of human activity. It is this that makes the layer the most stable of all.

The literary layer of words consists of groups accepted as legitimate members of the English vocabulary. They have no local or dialectal character. '

The colloquial layer of words as qualified in most English or Amer­ican dictionaries is not infrequently limited to a definite language community or confined to a special locality where it circulates.

The literary vocabulary consists of the following groups of words: 1. common literary; 2. terms and learned words; 3. poetic words; 4. archaic words; 5. barbarisms and foreign words; 6. literary coinages including nonce-words.

The colloquial vocabulary falls into the following groups: 1. com­mon "colloquial words; 2. slang; 3. jargonisms; 4. professional words; 5. dialectal words; 6. vulgar words; 7. colloquial coinages.

The common literary, neutral and common colloquial words are grouped under the term standard English vocabu­lary. Other groups in the literary layer are regarded as special literary vocabulary ^id those in the collpquial layer are regarded as special collo­quial, (non-literary) vocabulary. The accompanying diagram on p. 71 illustrates this classification graphically.

 




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