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The notion of elision.

The term elisio n describes the disappearance of a sound. For example, in the utterance He leaves next week speakers would generally elide (leave out) the /t/ in next saying /neks


Some rules for elision

The most common elisions in English are /t/ and /d/, when they appear within a

consonant cluster.

We arrived the next day. (/t/ elided between /ks/ and /d/)

We bought a lovely carved statuette. (/d/ elided between /v/ and /st/)

/ німе е/ can disappear in unstressed syllalbes.

I think we should call the police. (// can disappear in the first syllable of police)

Linking and intrusive R

Linking R

In many non-rhotic accents, words historically ending in /r/ (as evidenced by an ⟨r⟩ in the spelling) may be pronounced with [r] when they are closely followed by another morpheme beginning with a vowel sound. So tuner amp may be pronounced [ˈtjuːnər æmp].[9] This is the case even though tuner would not otherwise be pronounced with an [r]. Here, "closely" means the following word must be in the same prosodic unit (that is, not separated by a pausa). This phenomenon is known as linking R. Not all non-rhotic varieties feature linking R.

Intrusive R

The phenomenon of intrusive R is an overgeneralizing reinterpretationof linking R into an r-insertion rule that affects any word that ends in the non-high vowels /ə/, /ɪə/, /ɑː/, or /ɔː/;[13] when such a word is closely followed by another word beginning in a vowel sound, an [r] is inserted between them, even when no final /r/ was historically present. For example, the phrase tuna oil would be pronounced [ˈtjuːnər ɔɪl]. The epenthetic can be inserted to prevent hiatus, two consecutive vowel sounds.

Just like linking R, intrusive R may also occur between a root morpheme and certain suffixes, such as draw(r)ing, withdraw(r)al or Kafka(r)esque.

Rhotic dialects do not feature intrusive R. A rhotic speaker may use alternative strategies such as a hiatus between the two consecutive vowel sounds, or the insertion of a glottal stop to clarify the boundary between the two words. Varieties that feature linking R but not intrusive R (that is, tuna oil is pronounced [ˈtjuːnə (ʔ)ɔɪl]), show a clear phonemic distinction between words with and without /r/ in the syllable coda.

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