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I. .

1. The information . incorrect; please change it.

A) is B) are C) were

 

2. Let's go to . . . .. beach today.

A) a B) - C) the

 

3. Now that he is married, Joe has three .

A) brother-in-laws B) brothers-in-law C) brother-in-law

 

4 . Jane will go to university in September.

A) a B) the C)

 

5. Sonia is . my best friend.

A) - B) a C) the

 

6. Do you have baggage?

A) many B) any C) a

 

7. We need to collect some for the fire.

A) wood B) woods C) wooden

 

8. Marco is studying . . . .. History.

A) the B) a C)

 

9. Theresa wants to buy computer.

A) the B) a C)

 

10. Would you like to . . . .. an appointment?

A ) make B) do C) have

 

11. We are going to the south of .. France.

A) the B) a C)

 

12. This class . . . .. the brightest in the school.

A) is B) are C) has been

II. 1, 3

Notes to the text:

fabric to weave (wove, woven)
to spin (spun, spun) , woolen
textile yarn ,
felting netting
knitting human habitations ,
braiding , density
tine rayon
twist , , relics , ,

Textiles

Textiles are all fabrics made by weaving, felting, knitting, braiding, or netting, from the various textile fibers. Yarn, fabrics, and tools for spinning and weaving have been found among the earliest relics of human habitations. Linen fabrics dating from 5000 B.C. have been found in Egypt. Woolen textiles from the early Bronze Age in Scandinavia and Switzerland have been discovered. Cotton has been spun and woven in India since 3000 B.C., and silk has been woven in China since at least 1000 B.C. About the 4th century, A.D., Constantinople began to weave the raw silk imported from China.

A century later silk culture spread to the Western countries, and textile making developed rapidly.

Textiles are classified according to their component fibers into silk, wool, linen, cotton, such synthetic fibers as rayon, nylon, and polyesters, and some inorganic fibers, as cloth of gold, glass fiber, and asbestos cloth

Value or quality in textiles depends on several factors, such as the quality of the raw material used and the character of the yarn spun from the fibers, whether clean, smooth, fine, or coarse and whether hard, soft, or medium twisted. Density of weave and finishing processes are also important elements in determining the quality of fabrics.

:

1. :

  1. What are all fabrics made by?
  2. What has been found among the earliest relics of human habitations?
  3. Where have linen fabrics dating from 5000 B.C. been found?
  4. What has been discovered in Scandinavia and Switzerland?
  5. How are textiles classified?
  6. What does value or quality of textiles depend on?

 

2. :

Quickly, change, significant, fabric, define

 

3. , :

  1. Textiles are all (fabrics, materials, tools) made by weaving, felting, knitting, braiding from various textile fibers.
  2. Linen fabrics dating from 5000 B.C. have been found in (Egypt, India, Ukraine).
  3. Value or quality of textile depends on quality of (raw materials, weaving, production).

ϲ

I.

This is a child. This isnt a baby. This is a sheep. That isnt a path. This is a stranger. This isnt a mouse. This girl isnt my niece. This cat caught a mouse. Is this a good tooth? That man has an interesting hobby. There was a leaf on the ground.

 

I. ,

Expensive dress of that girl, the driver of the bus, the paw of the animal, the bag of the boys, the cars of my friends, the geese of his grannies, the broken vase of my neighbor, an educational report of that speaker, the front door of that modern house.

 

II. ,

  1. .
  2. .
  3. ?
  4. ?
  5. .

 

III. (, , , , )

In the nearest future you will become an industrial designer to make bright package for sweet production at a local confectionery plant.

 

IV. . 䳺 to be, to do, to have

  1. Are you a fashion or interior designer?
  2. Do you prefer smoked fish to fresh meat?
  3. What are you doing here, I wonder? Im just trying to be helpful to you.
  4. You were different last time I saw you.
  5. This river has less fish than that abroad.

 

VI.

  1. , .
  2. !
  3. .
  4. , .
  5. .

VII. some, any no,

  1. Did you find mushrooms in the forest?
  2. Dont forget to buy sugar.
  3. My friend has bought new shoes.
  4. people there are very unfriendly.
  5. Do you like oranges?
  6. Where can I get cigarettes?
  7. They waited for ten minutes.

VIII. Present / Past / Future Indefinite Active

  1. .
  2. .
  3. .
  4. .
  5. .
  6. .
  7. .

IX. Present / Past / Future Indefinite Passive

  1. We dont discuss such questions in public.
  2. My sister taught me English.
  3. They wont finish this work tomorrow.
  4. They fixed the road long ago.
  5. When they reach the place, they will make the camp.
  6. I visit this place every month.
  7. Students will listen to the professor with great interest.

X. Continuous Group of Tenses Active (Present / Past / Future Continuous)

1. What you (to read) now?

2. The weather is fine. The sun (to shine) and the birds (to sing).

3. Somebody (to knock) at the door.

4. You (to go) anywhere tonight?

5. Why you (to speak) so fast? You (to make) a lot of mistake.

6. Just as I (to get) to an interesting part of the story, the doorbell rang.

7. He (to garden) all last weekend.

8. What you (to do) tomorrow at 6?

9. We (to play) tennis the whole morning tomorrow.

 

XI. Perfect Group of Tenses Active (Present / Past / Future Perfect)

  1. She .the same car for fifteen years. (to drive)
  2. I .them for many years. (to know)
  3. She .in that shop for ages. (to be)
  4. I the carpet when the dog ....in and .himself. (just clean, come, shake)
  5. He ...to do the job in an hour, but he still .by 10 oclock. (to promise, not finish)
  6. When he . (to see) me, I (to read) the newspaper which I . (to buy) in the street.
  7. By 9 oclock we .. (to cook) dinner.
  8. They .. (to eat) by then.
  9. In a week he .. (to cross) the Atlantic by boat.

 

XII. Present / Past Continuous Passive

  1. Shes looking through her speech for the meeting. - ....
  2. Someone was digging my potatoes in my garden when I arrived. - .
  3. They are working as volunteers with local pensioners. - ..
  4. They were crossing the river when somebody cried for help. - ....
  5. We are thinking where to get money for the new car. -

XIII. Present / Past / Future Perfect Passive

  1. All have acknowledged his honesty. - ..
  2. He has approved her decisions. - ..
  3. Someone has left the window open. - ..
  4. The head had signed the documents by the afternoon. - ..
  5. They had sold this car before we arrived. - ...
  6. The enemies will have attacked the city by the night. -

7. The mechanic will have fixed the bike when we come.

XIV. .

1. . 2. . 3. , . 4. ³ , . 5. ³ 5 . 6. , . 7. - ? 8. , . 9. . 10. .

 

XV. ³ Present Simple (I do) / Present Perfect Continuous (I have been doing)

  1. Marvin and Joe . (to play) in a football club for two years.
  2. They . (to practice) four times a week.
  3. Marvin . (to be) a popular forwarder.
  4. He often . (to score) goals for his team.
  5. At the moment, the training . (to be) very hard.
  6. For six weeks now, the team . (to prepare) for an important match taking place on Sunday.
  7. Today, the boys . (to do) strength training for forty minutes already.
  8. Joe . (like / not) that very much he . (to want) to play football.
  9. However, the strength training exercises . (to be) also very important for the young players.
  10. She . (to sing) in the schools choir for five years.

XVI. ³ Future Perfect Continuous

  1. By the end of the week I.. (to work) here for four months.
  2. By the end of this month we .. (to live) together for six years.
  3. By the end of the term she .. (to study) for nine years.
  4. By midnight we .. (to play) this computer game for 48 hours.
  5. She .. (to talk) on the phone for the last couple of hours.
  6. They .. (to look for) me all night long.
  7. He .. (to play) soccer all day long.
  8. You .. (to watch) TV all the time.
  9. He .. (not / sleep) all morning.
  10. .. (wait / they) for 2 hours?

XVII. to eat a plum pie

  1. Present Indefinite: I eat a plum pie.
  2. Past Indefinite: I
  3. Future Indefinite: I
  4. Present Continuous: I
  5. Past Continuous: I .
  6. Future Continuous: I .....
  7. Present Perfect: I ...
  8. Past Perfect: I
  9. Future Perfect: I ....
  10. Present Perfect Continuous: I ...
  11. Past Perfect Continuous: I .....

12. Future Perfect Continuous: I .

XVIII. 䳺 can, may, must, have to, should, to be able to

1. I come in?

2. He not to go out because he is ill.

3. Take the umbrella, it rain.

4. She leave the work early yesterday she was unwell.

5. We are sorry, you smoke here.

6. You read in the car. You may feel sick.

7. Police have enough evidence. They to find a criminal.

 

XIX. ³

1. David said he had broken his boat.

2. She said that her parents lived in Kyiv.

3. He told me that his son would arrive the following day.

4. They told us not to call at night.

5. She asked if designer was ready with his new collection.

6. My friend asked me if he could borrow my car.

7. They wanted to know where I was going.

 

XX. , 䳺

1. If I (to work) at this firm, Id earn more.

2. If he (to go) out, we would ask him to help us.

3. She wouldnt have gone there if she (not to hear) the news.

4. What would they have done if we (not to lend) them some money?

5. She wont fall down if it (to be) so slippery.

6. I (to come) to you if you are at home tomorrow.

7. If I (not to be) in a shower, Id answer the call.

XXI. .

1. To go on with this discussion is to waste time.

2. Oh, I am sorry to have taken so much of your time.

3. It all sounds too good to be true.

4. We assembled to discuss and arrange our plans.

5. He was the first to raise the question.

6. Youre a bachelor with no family to take care of.

7. I didnt come here to be shouted at.

8. To meet the demands for goods, new shops have been opened in the town.

9. I rose to receive my guests.

10. He had a good deal to say about India.

XXII. Complex Object

1. , .

2. , , , .

3. , .

4. ,  .

5. , .

6. , .

7. ³ , .

8. .

9. ֳ 䳿 .

10. .

XXIII. Complex Subject

Model: History repeats itself (to know).




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