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Сокращения вспомогательных глаголов в разговорной речи




I am = I'm I shall = I'll I have = I' ve
he is = he's he will = he'll he has = he's
she is = she's she will = she'll she has = she's
it is = it's it will = it'll it has = it's
we are = we' re we shall = we'll we have = we've
you are = you' re you will = you'll you have = you've
they are = they' re they will = they'll they have = they've
I am not = I 'm not shall not = shan't have not = haven't
is not = isn't will not = won't has not = hasn't
are not = aren't should not=shouldn't had not = hadn't
was not = wasn't would not= wouldn't he had = he'd
were not = weren't could not= couldn't need not = needn't
cannot = can't    

23.11. ОБОРОТ "THERE IS (ARE)"

(сказуемое, выраженное через there is(are) ...)

Оборот there is всегда стоит в начале предложения, за ним стоит подлежащее.

После there is - исчисляемые существительные в единственном числе употребляются с неопределенным артиклем, а во множественном числе - со словами; some, any, many, two и т. д.

Например: There is a lamp on the table. На столе лампа.

There are some lamps on the table - На столе несколько ламп.

Глагол to be в обороте "there is(are)" может употребляться в различных временах: there is, there are, there was (were), there have(has) been, there had been, there will be.

Вопросительные предложения с оборотом "there is" и ответы на них:

Is there a telephone in room? - Yes, there is. No, there isn't.

Was there a meeting at the Club? - Yes, there was. No, there wasn't.

Will there be a meeting tonight? - Yes, there will. No, there won't,

Отрицательные предложения с оборотом "there is" строятся двумя способами. При помощи "not":

There isn't a telephone in this room. There wasn't any water in the bottle. There won't be any meeting tonight. При помощи "no":

There is no telephone in this room. There was no water in the bottle. There wi11 be no meeting tonight.




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