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КАТЕГОРИИ:






КОНТРОЛЬНА РОБОТА №3




ВАРІАНТ I

  1. Розкрийте дужки використовуючи Continuous Group of Tenses Active (Present / Past / Future Continuous)
  1. He (not to work), he (to watch) the TV program.
  2. Kitty (to finish) her porridge.
  3. Look, the sun (to rise).
  4. We stayed because we (to enjoy) ourselves.
  5. (you watch) television all evening?
  6. It (to rain) hard all day.
  7. You (to do) your homework at 5 o’clock tomorrow.
  8. Where the man (to sit) at that time tomorrow?

 

  1. Розкрийте дужки використовуючи Perfect Group of Tenses Active (Present / Past / Future Perfect)
  1. He ………. six letters so far. (type)
  2. ………. couscous? (you ever eat)
  3. They ………. like this before. (never quarrel)
  4. By the time we ………….., the party …………… (to arrive, to finish)
  5. I ……………the shop as soon as I ……………the contents of the box. (to ring, to check)
  6. After we ……………it on the phone, I ……….him a letter about it. (to discuss, to write)
  7. The sun ….. (not / rise) by 4 o’clock.
  8. ….. (you / finish) the washing up by six o’clock?
  9. Our boss ….. (not / leave) the office until you make a right decision.

 

  1. Перепишіть наступні речення використовуючи Present / Past Continuous Passive

1. They’re building a new supermarket near the church. - …………………………………...

2. Someone was cleaning the windows while I was there. - …………………………………

3. They are taking the refugees to a camp outside the village. - ……………………………...

4. They were questioning us and searching our vehicles at the same time. - ………………...

5. They’re opening the case again because they are not satisfied with the verdict. -…………

 

  1. Перепишіть наступні речення використовуючи Present / Past / Future Perfect Passive

1. They have changed the date of the meeting. - ………………………………........................

2. We have just discussed this question. - .…………………………………………………….

3. He has already collected his nephews from school. - ……………………………………….

4. She had made a delicious plum pie by the evening yesterday. - ……………………………

5. They had sold the house before the real estate agent arrived. - …………………………….

6. We will have taken 5 business courses by the next year. - ………………….........................

7. He will have robbed the bank by the next week. - ………………………………………….

  1. Перекладіть подані речення англійською мовою

1. Ми зараз дуже заклопотані, оскільки ми від’їжджаємо завтра. 2. Поїзди відходять і прибувають через 5 хвилин. 3. Увійшовши до будинку, вона побачила чоловіка, який намагався відкрити двері силою. 4. Коли ви прийдете до мене, я буду працювати в лабораторії. 5. Я буду відпочивати в цей час. 6. Охоронець не впізнав людину, що пограбувала банк. 7. Я щойно прибув із Італії. 8. Протягом року тут вирощували овочі та фрукти. 9. Килими все ще чистять.

 

 

  1. Прочитайте та письмово перекладіть 1, 2 абзаци тексту

Notes to the text:

private domain – приватне володіння to sustain the movement – підтримувати рух
sumptuous landmarks – розкішна архітектура fanciful restorations – фантастична реставрація, відтворення
to be sparked by – іскритися чимось revival style – стиль відродження
medieval times – середньовіччя to lose force – втратити силу
manifestation of this spirit – виявлення духу to disappear – зникати
transferring the liturgical significance – перенесення літургічного значення, змісту flowering of the style – розквіт стилю

Gothic Revival

The earliest manifestations of an interest in the medieval era were in the private domain, but by the 1820s public buildings in England were also being designed in the Gothic mode. Later, the desire for more elegant and sumptuous landmarks created the last flowering of the style.

There were several reasons for the change of direction from Neoclassicism to the Gothic Revival. The first, sparked by the general Romantic revolution, was the literary interest in medieval times that produced Gothic tales and romances. By setting their stories in medieval times, authors such as Walpole and especially Sir Walter Scott helped to create a sense of nostalgia and a taste for that period. The ruins of medieval castles and abbeys depicted in landscape paintings were another manifestation of this spirit. The second was the writing of the architectural theorists who were interested, as part of church reform, in transferring the liturgical significance of Gothic architecture to their own times.

The writings of the French architect Eugene Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc provided the inspiration to sustain the Gothic Revival movement. His own work, however, was often weak Gothic, and his restorations were frequently fanciful.

The Gothic Revival was to retain one of the most potent and long-lived of the 19th-century revival styles. Although it began to lose force after the third quarter of the 19th century, buildings such as churches and institutions of higher learning were constructed in the Gothic style in England and in the United States until well into the 20th century. Only when new materials and concern for functionalism began to take hold did the Gothic Revival disappear.

ЗАВДАННЯ ДО ТЕКСТУ:

  1. Дайте відповіді на запитання:
  1. What were the earliest manifestations of architecture in the medieval era?
  2. What were several reasons for the change of direction from Neoclassicism to the Gothic Revival?
  3. What did the writings of the French architect Eugene Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc provide?
  4. What was the Gothic Revival to retain?
  5. When did the Gothic Revival disappear?
  1. Перекладіть англійською мовою наступні слова та словосполучення:

Перші прояви, середньовіччя, приватне володіння, розквіт стилю, декілька причин, змінити напрям, створювати відчуття ностальгії, замки / монастирі, зображати, перенесення значення, реставрація, утримувати стиль, набувати силу, зникати.

 




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