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3. I. Continuous Group of Tenses Active (Present / Past / Future Continuous)




в II

I. Continuous Group of Tenses Active (Present / Past / Future Continuous)

1. John (to polish) his boots and his sister (to press) her dress at this moment.

2. It (to rain)? Yes, it (to rain) very hard.

3. Somebody (to talk) in the next room.

4. Who (to make) such a noise?

5. This time last year you (to live) in Spain.

6. (you read) when I rang you?

7. What he (to do) all the evening yesterday?

8. The sun (to shine) at noon tomorrow.

9. We (to translate) this text from 4 to 5.

 

II. Perfect Group of Tenses Active (Present / Past / Future Perfect)

1. I .to Marco since 1989. (not write)

2. We .there since we were young. (not be)

3. I saw her in May, but .her since. (not see)

4. We a good rest when our guests (to have, all leave)

5. When she .the office this morning, Jim(to ring, already go out)

6. Before we Tim to the theater, he a stage play before. (to take, never see)

7. She .. (to go) home when you come.

8. Jane .. (not / finish) her work by the end of this year.

9. Fred .. (not / return) from his holiday by Monday.

 

III. Present / Past Continuous Passive

1. Theyre decorating Christmas tree with candies and toys. - ....

2. Someone was drilling a wall when I was trying to fall asleep. - ..

3. They are taking children to a camp abroad. - ...

4. Customs-officers were going through our bags. - .

5. Theyre rising the salary again because people are not satisfied with the amount. -

IV. Present / Past / Future Perfect Passive

1. They have cancelled all flights because of fog. - ..

2. Workers have recently fixed this road. - ...

3. They have built a new ring-road around the city. - ...

4. Somebody had attacked and robbed him in the street. - ...

5. Somebody had stolen your car because you left the keys in it. - ..

6. I will have translated this passage in an hour. -

7. Well have taken our car by air-ferry by next Monday. - .

 

V.

1. . . 2. , . 3. , . 4. ³ 8 9. 5. . 6. . 7. , . 8. . 9. , . 10. .

 

VI. 2

Notes to the text:

presence of monsters construction boom
decorative elements to vie ,
book illumination bizarre designs ,
different species lavishly decorated with stucco monsters
Juxtaposition , spooking devils -
horned beasts , mythical creatures
rtisan , bearded / winged caryatids / ( , )

Gothic Patterns

One of the most impressive features of Gothic art was the presence of all kinds of monsters as decorative elements in architecture and book illumination. Scholars have written many scholarly works explaining the significance these monsters and exotic animals had for the medieval mind. They reappeared as purely a decorative element in the Neo-Gothic structures and on buildings, which had nothing to do with Gothic Revival. The most common hybrid monster generally mixes different species: the Centaur (horse-man); the Minotaur (bull-man); Echidna (snake-woman); Pegasus (horse-bird); Sphinx (woman-lion-bird); Siren (bird-woman); Empusa (animal-metal); the griffin (lion-eagle); mermaid (woman-fish); vegetable lamb (plant-animal); barnacle goose (mollusk-bird), and mandrake (plant-man). In other instances, we find juxtapositions of different species: the tree that bears human heads as fruit; horses born from eggs; flash-eating mares; milk-producing birds.

The city of Kyiv also went through a period, which was marked by some elements of Gothic Revival. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Kyiv lived through an architectural and construction boom. Architects vied with each other in producing unusual or even bizarre designs, lavishly decorated with stucco monsters and exotic animals. On some of the buildings the spooking devils stare at the passers-by from the walls; horned beasts and mythical creatures sit on the roofs or under the balconies. In some cases, the artisans who created the stuccowork, gave the figures the likeness of some well-known persons, and people of Kyiv, recognizing the faces, had a hearty laugh. Quite a number of scandals followed.

With the passage of time, both the scandals and the faces were forgotten but the bearded and winged caryatids have stayed in their places on the houses.

Children are more observant than the adults and they continue to be fascinated by all these dragons, griffins and other fancy creatures peering at them from among the stucco leaves. But the children are not afraid they smile at these friendly monsters, these creations of unrestrained fantasy without which the city would look much duller.

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  1. :
  1. What was one of the most impressive features of Gothic art?
  2. What are the most common hybrid monsters of Gothic art?
  3. Did the city of Kyiv also go through a period, which was marked by some elements of Gothic Revival?
  4. How did architects vie with each other?
  5. What likeness did some artisans give to the figures in their creation?
  6. What is childrens reaction to the Gothic stuccowork?

 

  1. :
  1. They reappeared as purely ( ) in the Neo-Gothic structures and on buildings.
  2. The city of Kyiv also ( ), which () by some elements of Gothic Revival.
  3. Architects () with each other in producing unusual or even ( ).
  4. In some cases, the artisans who created the stuccowork, ( ) of some well-known persons, and people of Kyiv.
  5. Children are ( ) than the adults and they continue () by all these dragons, griffins and other fancy creatures.

 

  1. :

Characteristic, book illustration, constructions, wide-spread, neighborhood, noted, to make, beasts, to be charmed, attentive, to be scared, to look gloomy.




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