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A. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the word in bold type.




Hard

a) Make sure you give the paint enough time to dry and harden .

b) Those who work hard usually achieve their goals.

c) I hadnt seen him for years but he had hardly changed at all.

d) A time of great economic hardship came to the country.

Help

a) Without proper defense wed be helpless against an enemy attack.

b) What is Tom? He is our cooks helper .

c) Sometimes its helpful to make a list of everything you have to do.

d) A huge helping of potatoes with meat was followed by an apple cake.

Include

a) Our tour party included several retired couples.

b) There were twelve of us, including me and Tom.

c) Dan works Monday to Saturday inclusive .

d) His inclusion in the team has caused a lot of controversy.

Depend

a) Nigeria gained independence from Britain in 1960.

b) The young are totally dependent on their parents for food and shelter.

c) Ed Duncan was a dependable, hardworking detective.

d) (in an application form) Please, write the number of dependants in your family here.

B. Translate into English paying attention to the use of prepositions.

to work, at work, from work, to bed, in bed, out of the bed, into the bag, in the bag, on the bag, out of the bag, to the station, at the station, on the platform, in the station, from the station, by the window, near the window, look out of the window, look into the window, come up to the window, step away from the window, with a knife, with a saw, with ones own eyes, with ones own hands, with ones own ears, in a week, in two months, in an hour and a half, in half an hour, in a quarter of an hour, for an hour, for an hour and a half, for half an hour, for a quarter of an hour, during the storm, during the conversation, during the discussion, during the flight, at midnight, on Monday, on New Year, last month, next week, this year, next Tuesday, last century, in a hurry, in a whisper, in a fine mood, - to say in English, to write in ink, in capital letters, at the top of the page, at the bottom of the page, by mail, by train, by plain, by mistake, by heart.

C. There is one mistake in each of the following sentences. Find the mistakes and correct the sentences.

1. Money is the root of all evil.

2. What time do you got up?

3. Everybody is enjoying the party, arent they?

4. The stairs are made of wood.

5. Alans brothers study abroad.

6. Ann is very like her mother: the same height and features.

7. Pass me a piece of _ cake, please.

8. I got so tired that I went straight to _ bed.

9. The police will arrive in a few minutes.

10. _little is known about this case. Its a mystery.

11. It was a fine morning. The sun was shining and the sky was cloudless.

12. What did you say to the police?

13. Dont close the door, will you?

14. These two cases are closely connected.

15. Ann is much more polite than Mary.

16. This lecture is twice as long as than the previous one.

17. All the windows of our flat look on the south.

18. Whom are you waiting for?

19. Perhaps I will go to the disco on Friday.

20. I like listening to music and watching TV.

D. Read and translate the following abstract from Three Men In a Boat by Jerome K. Jerome and fill in the blanks with the appropriate articles if necessary. Some of the words are translated for you to understand them properly. Enjoy this outstanding piece of wonderful English humour.

We got out at Sonning1, and went for a walk round the village.

We roamed about sweet Sonning for an hour or so, and then, it being too late to push on past Reading, we decided to go back to one of the Shiplake islands, and put up there for the night. It was still early when we got settled and George said that, as we had plenty of time, it would be a splendid opportunity to try a good, slap-up supper2. He said he would show us what could be done up the river in the way of cooking, and suggested that, with the vegetables and the remains of cold beef and cereal odds and ends3, we should make an Irish stew.

It seemed a fascinating idea. George gathered wood and made a fire, and Harris and I started to peel the potatoes. I should never have thought that peeling potatoes was such an undertaking4. The job turned out to be the biggest thing of its kind that I have ever been in. We began cheerfully, one might almost say skittishly5 but our lightheartedness was gone by the time the first potato was finished. The more we peeled, the more peel seemed to be left on; by the time we had got all the peel off and the eyes out, there was no potato left at least none worth speaking of. George came and had a look at it it was about the size of a pea-nut. He said: Oh, that wont do! Youre wasting them, you must scrape them.

So we scraped them and that was harder work than peeling. They are such an extraordinary shape, potatoes all bumps and warts and hollows6. We worked steadily for five-and-twenty minutes, and did four potatoes. Then we struck7. We said we should require the rest of the evening for scraping ourselves.

I never saw such a thing as potato-scraping for making a fellow in a mess8. It seemed difficult to believe that the potato-scrapings in which Harris and I stood, half-smothered9, could have come off four potatoes. It shows you what can be done with economy and care.

George said it was absurd to have only four potatoes in the Irish stew, so he washed half a dozen or so more and put the without peeling. We also put in a cabbage and about half a peck10 of peas. George stirred it all up, and then he said that there seemed to be a lot of room to spare, so we overhauled11 both the hampers12, and picked out all the odds and ends and the remnants, and added them to the stew. There was half a pork pie and a bit of cold boiled bacon left, and we put them in. Then George found half a tin of potted salmon13, and we emptied that into the pot.

He said that was the advantage of Irish stew: you got rid of such a lot of things. I fished out a couple of eggs that had got cracked, and we put those in. George said they would thicken the gravy14.

I forget the other ingredients, but I know nothing was wasted; and I remember that towards the end, Montnorency15, who had evinced16 great interest in the proceedings throughout, strolled away with an earnest and thoughtful air, reappearing, a few minutes afterwards, with a dead water-rat in his mouth, which he evidently wished to present as his contribution to the dinner, whether in a sarcastic spirit, or with a general desire to assist, I cannot say.

We had a discussion as to whether the rat should go in or not. Harris said that he thought it would be all right, mixed up with the other things, and that every little helped; but George stood up for precedent! He said he had never heard of water-rats in Irish stew, and he would rather be on the safe side, and not try experiments.

Harris said: If you never try a new thing how can you tell what its like? Its men such as you that hamper the worlds progress. Think of the man who first tried German sausage!

It was a great success, that Irish stew. I dont think I ever enjoyed a meal more. There was something so fresh and piquant about it. There was the dish with a new flavour, with a taste like nothing else on earth.

And it was nourishing, too. As George said, there was good stuff in it. The peas and potatoes might have been a bit softer, but we all had good teeth, so that did not matter much; and as for the gravy, it was a poem - alittle too rich, perhaps, for a weak stomach but nutritious.

E. Focus on phrasal verbs. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the phrasal verbs below:

a) put on / take off / do up / wear out / dress up

A: Mum, can I go to the wedding dressed like this?

B: No! Youve worn out those jeans theres a hole in the knee. Why dont you put on those nice trousers I bought you last year?

A: Theyre too small. I cant do them up .

B: Well, youve got lots of clothes. Im sure you can find something nice. You have to dress up for a wedding! Oh! And take those old trainers off too!

b) pump up / go down / get on / lock up / fall off

Paul went to the garden shed to get his bike, but discovered that one of the tyres had gone down ; it had been so long since hed last ridden it. He found a pump and started to pump the tyre up . It was quite tiring, but he soon finished. He took the bike out of the shed and pushed it to the side of the road. Then he went inside his house again to get the lock so that he could lock the bike up when he reached his destination. He got on the bike and started to pedal. Because he wasnt used to riding, he wobbled and nearly fell off , but he managed to stay on the bike and was soon cycling quickly down the road.

 




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