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Unit 19 Subjunctives and Conditionals. 1. Would you be upset if I did not come?




 

Exercise 40

1. Would you be upset if I did not come? 2. Had he been more careful, he would not have fallen. 3. If he had not come in his car to meet us, we would have had to carry our things ourselves. 4. Would you go somewhere in the evening if he invited you? 5. We would go to the swimming pool today if you had phoned last night. 6. If he could give a positive answer, he would have done it long ago. 7. If I were you, I would not raise such a clamor. 8. If you had accepted his offer, you would have been working in a good company long ago. 9. If I were you, I would go earlier to catch him. 10. If he had been driving more carefully, he would not have had any accident. 11. Had he not broken his leg, he would have won the tournament. 12. Nobody would have blamed you if you had behaved differently.

 

 

Exercise 41

1. She is happy, look at her. She looks as if she got several years younger. 2. He had a feeling as though he had been deceived. 3. The explosion was heavy. It got light as if it were a bright day. 4. He looks as if he were a winner. 5. She did not stop as if she had not heard being called. 6. You look tired as though you had not had a rest for a long time. 7. He often looked at his watch as if he had been hurrying somewhere. 8. She looks upon the world as if it belongs to her. 9. He stared at me as if I had said something wrong.

 

Exercise 42

Translate into English.

1. Как жаль, что он пришел так поздно. Мы не ус-пели поговорить о наших проблемах, 2. Как жаль, что он не разработал этот проект. 3. Как жаль, что нам придется так скоро уехать. 4. Обидно, что вы не дожда-лись его прихода. 5. Я теперь жалею, что не послушал-ся его совета. 6. Обидно, что вас не поняли. 7. Жаль, что вы упустили такой шанс. 8. Обидно, что ей придет-ся отказаться от такого предложения. 9. Как жаль, что он работает допоздна. 10. Он пожалел, что пришел и привел с собой друга. 11. Я бы очень хотела быть сей-час в Лондоне. 12. Как бы мне хотелось говорить по-английски так же хорошо, как он.

 

Exercise 43

Translate into English using the sub-junctive mood.

1. "Желательно, чтобы вы повторили (revise) все слова перед контрольной работой", -- сказал препода-ватель. 2. Он настаивал на том, чтобы ему передали всю дополнительную информацию. 3. Я требую, чтобы он ушел. 4. Комиссия предложила включить его в спи-сок. 5. Мы предлагаем им сделать перерыв. 6. Детям необходимо спать на открытом воздухе. 7. Вы должны наконец настоять, чтобы он возвращался домой вовре-мя. 8. Комитету рекомендовано разработать новую программу. 9. Председатель (chairman) предложил отложить вопрос. 10. Профессор требует от нас сдавать работы в напечатанном виде. 11. Предлагаю сделать это упражнение сейчас. 12. Погода хорошая, и я реко-мендую всем прогуляться до станции пешком.

 

Unit 20

The Preposition

Exercise 44

Translate into English.

1. Он вынул часы из кармана и положил их на стол. 2. Этот поезд останавливается на каждой станции. 3. Во время каникул я побывал в Риме. 4. Он перепрыгнул через забор (fence), прошел через лужайку (lawn) и от-крыл дверь своим ключом. 5. Так как большинство домов в Лондоне в XVII веке было построено из дерева, они все сгорели во время пожара, который длился три дня. 6. Вор (thief) проник в дом через окно, вынул драгоценности (jewelry) из сейфа, сорвал картину со стены, а затем вышел через дверь. 7.Я люблю путе-шествовать на велосипеде. В прошлом году я объехал всю Грецию на моем старом велосипеде. 8. Я случай-но вскрыла ваше письмо. 9. Ирландское море нахо-дится между Ирландией и Великобританией. 10. Он приедет домой на рождественские праздники. В Рождество все дети приезжают к родителям.

 

Noun / Verb / Adjective + Preposition

Exercise 45

Translate the following sentences into English using prepositions and adverbial particles.

1. Я только что получил приглашение на их свадь-бу (wedding). 2. Причина несчастного случая выясня-ется (investigate). 3. Это не решение проблемы. 4. Я не могу придумать ответ на его письмо. 5. На эти това-ры небольшой спрос. 6. Существует много недостат-ков и преимуществ, если у тебя есть машина. 7. Недо-статком его пребывания в США было то, что он не знал английского языка. 8. Несмотря на наши разногласия (difficulties), его отношение ко мне не изменилось. 9. Я не вижу связи между этими двумя событиями (event). 10. Все рассмеялись, услышав причину его опоздания. 11. За последние несколько лет произошел резкий рост цен. 12. Ущерб, нанесенный городу наводнением (flood), был значительным. 13. Снижение уровня жизни (living standards) является характерной чертой (feature) лю-бого кризиса. 14. Этот бизнесмен дал чек на благотво-рительные цели (charity). 15. Две компании совершенно независимы, между ними нет никакой связи.

 

 

Exercise 42

1.1 wish he had not come so late. We had no time to speak about our problems. 2.1 wish he had developed the project. 3.1 wish we did not have to leave so soon. 4.1 wish you had waited till he came. 5.1 wish I had not followed his advice. 6.1 wish you had been understood. 7.1 wish you had not missed such an opportunity. 8. She wishes she did not have to refuse such an offer. 9.1 wish he did not work till late. 1Q. He wished he had not come and taken his friend with him. 11.1 wish I were in London now. 12.1 wish I spoke English as well as you do.

 

Exercise 43

1. "It is desirable that you (should) revise all the words before the test", said the teacher. 2. He demanded that all further information (should) be given to him. 3.1 demand that he (should) go away. 4. The commission suggested that he (should) be included into the list. 5. We suggest that they (should) make a break. 6. It is important that the children (should) sleep in the open air. 7. You must at last insist that he (should) return home at the proper' time. 8. The committee has been recommended that they (should) develop a new program. 9. The chairman proposed that the question (should) be postponed. 10. The professor demands that we (should) hand in our papers typed. 11.1 suggest that we do the exercise now. 12. The weather is nice and I recommend that everybody (should) walk to the station.

 

Exercise 44

1. He took the watch out of his pocket and put it on the table. 2. The train stops at every station. 3. I've been to Rome during my holiday. 4. He jumped over the fence, walked across the lawn and opened the door with his own key. 5. As the majority of the houses in London in the 17th century were built of wood, they all burnt during the fire, which lasted three days. 6. The thief went into the house through the window, took the jewelry out of the safe, threw the picture off the wall and then went away through the door. 7.1 like travelling by bicycle. Last year I rode through all Greece on my old bicycle. 8.1 opened your letter by mistake. 9. The Irish Sea is between Ireland and Great Britain. 10. He'll be coming home on Christmas holiday. At Christmas all children come to see their parents

 

Noun / Verb / Adjective + Preposition

Exercise 45

1. I've just received an invitation to their wedding. 2. The cause of the accident (The reason for the accident) is being investigated. 3. This is not the solution to the problem. 4.1 can't think of the answer to his letter. 5. The demand for these goods is not high. 6. There are many advantages and disadvantages to/in having a car" 7. The disadvantage of his stay in the USA was his lack of knowledge of the language. 8" In spite of our difficulties his attitude to/towards me has not changed. 9,1 don't see any connection between these two events. 10. Everybody burst out laughing on hearing the reason for his being late. 11. There has been a sharp increase in prices for the last several years. 12. The damage to the city by the flood was considerable. 13. The decrease in living standards is a characteristic feature of any crisis. 14. The businessman gave a cheque for charity. 15. Two companies are quite independent, there is no connection between them.

 

 

Unit 21




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