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Методические подходы к анализу финансового состояния предприятия

Проблема периодизации русской литературы ХХ века. Краткая характеристика второй половины ХХ века

Ценовые и неценовые факторы

Характеристика шлифовальных кругов и ее маркировка

Служебные части речи. Предлог. Союз. Частицы

КАТЕГОРИИ:






Перевод текста VILLAGE WITH HISTORY OF A CITY




Раков это замечательное место. Когда-то это был большой город - культурный, религиозный и экономический центр. Сегодня, это просто деревня, расположенная в 40 км от Минска.


Я слышал много историй о происхождении этого необычного имени - Раков. Некоторые связывают название с белорусским словом «раки», или первого поселенца по имени Рак, или, даже, древнеегипетский бог солнца Ра.


Раков впервые упоминается в письменных хрониках в 15-м веке, - он отмечен в землях, принадлежащих великому Литовскому Князю. 150 лет спустя, он стал городом в центре Раковского округа, с замком, губернатором и конституцией. Известный белорусский дворянин и композитор Михал Огинский также имел в собственности Раковский округ в течение некоторого времени.


Раков достиг своего расцвета в 17 веке, когда он был собственностью семьи Сангушко. Анна Сангушко - жена одного из Радзивиллов создала в родном городе производство керамических изделий, которые пользовались большой популярностью по всей Беларуси. Керамические горшки, статуэтки ангелов и формы для выпечки до сих пор находят погребенными под Раковом.


Сегодня, в Ракове нет ни заводов, ни мастерских. Тем не менее, его жители гордятся своим чистым воздухом и прекрасными пейзажами. Комплекс из многоэтажных кирпичных зданий, построенных в необычном стиле в саду Ракова, выделяется на фоне архитектурного пейзажа деревни. Большая надпись на фасаде гласит: «Музей. Арт-галерея ".

Феликс Янушкевич - реставратор и знаменитый художник (его картины висят даже в Третьяковской Галерее) - владеет этим местом. В галерее представлены работы Феликса, а также произведения его не менее талантливых братев. Кроме того, он имеет древние документы, мебель, музыкальные инструменты, керамические изделия. Сегодня, галерея насчитывает более 12000 экспонатов.

Серебряная вода Раковского святого источника проходит через мои пальцы снова. Что будет, если я брошу монеты? Они говорят, что это означает, что вы будете уверены, что вернетесь. Я, конечно, пожелаю вернуться, так как я действительно наслаждался, видя эту необычную деревню с историей города.


NEVER FORGOTTEN

The first stone has been laid in the foundation of the new building of the Museum of Great Patriotic War History. A time capsule has been laid into the foundation and, by spring 2013, the building is to open. Architects have done their best to make the five-storey, multi-level building, with each of its four sections symbolising a year of the war.

The decision to set up a museum dedicated to the fight against Nazi fascism was taken in 1942. It opened its doors in Minsk in July 1944. Millions of people have visited it since and, with the passing years, the need for a new, more spacious and well-equipped building has become clear. Each year, over 150,000 people visit the museum. Of course, they hope to find objective information and leave with a lasting impression.

The new museum will be located near the centre of the Belarusian capital, on a hill near the Minsk-Hero-City Memorial and Pobedy Park. It will primarily reflect the heroic deeds of the Belarusian people and the big role of the Red Army in defeating Nazis. However, technical innovations, such as dynamically lit electronic maps, electronic catalogues, interactive facilities will help visitors to receive brighter impressions.

We cannot change the fact that fewer witnesses of those dramatic military battles survive today, but we can preserve the past for new generations. Most schools in Belarus have a small museum of military glory, set up by enthusiasts. Professional historians have done much to develop this patriotic movement, preparing dozens of educational textbooks for pupils and teachers, helping to explain the events of 1941 — 1945.

Why is interest in these distant events so keen? The territory of contemporary Belarus has seen over 200 wars in the past centuries and our nation showed heroism and patriotism on so many occasions. From 1941 — 1945, we fought against Europe's strongest army. Belarus paid a high price for its victory — 9,200 towns and villages were burnt and there were millions of victims. This can never be forgotten.

2. The author explains when the museum was created and how it has changed over the years. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What will the visitors be able to see in the new museum?

4. Why are people interested in the Museum of Great Patriotic War History?


 


 

SURPRISE PARTY

Liz was just finishing the final details for the surprise party she was planning for her husband. She had been thoroughly preparing for this event, designing every aspect of the party from the invitations to the food, and she was very excited about it. Family members whom Andrew hadn't seen in years were flying in from Poland in a few days. Liz had tracked down several college friends, and they were coming from various places across the country. A band and dancers were invited.

The best part for Liz was that she knew Andrew did not have any idea about the party. She could not wait to see the look on his face when he walked into a big "Surprise!" in his own home.

The party was supposed to be on Saturday. As Liz was daydreaming about picking relatives up at the airport the next day and taking them to their hotel, Andrew walked into the kitchen and said, quite certainly, "Sweetheart, I don't want anything special done for my birthday."

"What do you mean?" Liz responded calmly, though her heart began to beat. "I mean that I don't want a surprise party." "Okay," Liz said. "Not a problem." Liz's mind raced. There was nothing she could do about Andrew's request now. And, frankly, she didn't want to. Liz had been planning this for more than a year. The party would go off as she intended. She did not want all of her effort to fail. When Andrew came home Saturday evening from playing soccer with friends, he was shocked. Tears filled his eyes. This response was something Liz had not predicted. Among the crowd he saw friends whom he had not seen in nearly 20 years and family members who had come from Poland just for this evening. But along with being deeply moved, he was also angry with his wife. He knew he could be emotional, and he did not like people to see him that way. That was why he did not like being surprised.

Salsa music filled the home of Liz and Andrew. Liz whispered "I love you" in Andrew's ear, they shared a kiss, and the two danced the whole night.

2. The author describes the preparations Liz made for the birthday party. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What did Andrew ask Liz for?

4. How did Andrew feel at the party?




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