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The Present Continuous Tense




The Present Continuous Tense Form:to be (am, is, are) + V-ing The Present Continuous Tenseобразуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в соответствующей форме и смыслового глагола с окончанием -ing. She is cooking dinner. She is not (isn’t) cooking dinner. Is she cooking dinner? Usage:1.Действие в момент речи или в настоящий период времени. I am speaking English now. Helen is working hard these days. 2. Часто повторяющееся действие, которое вызывает недовольство, раздражение. You are always talking at the lesson! - Вечно ты болтаешь на уроке! 3. Планы на ближайшее будущее. Mary is getting married this afternoon. Time expressions:now, at the moment, these days, tonight, at present, still, nowadays, today, Look!... , etc.

 

Exercise№1. Open the brackets using verbs in Present Continuous in negative or affirmative form.

Examples: Sue is a secretary. She types letters and documents every day. But today she (not/type). She (shop). – But today she isn’t typing. She is shopping.

1. Nick is a student. He has to study a lot. But at the moment he (not/study). He (listen) to music.

2. Barbara and Mary are shop assistants. They work at supermarket. But today is Sunday, so they (not/work). They (walk) in the park.

3. Irene is a teacher. She gives lessons at London University. But it’s 7 o’clock in the evening and she is at home. She (not/give) any lessons. She (watch) TV.

4. My name is Brian. I’m a taxi-driver. But I’m on holiday now. I (not/drive). I (lie) on a beach.

5. Robert is a writer. He writes novels. But right now he (not/write) anything. He and his wife (have) dinner.

 

Exercise№2. Make true sentences (affirmative or negative) describing what is happening now.

1. I / wait / for a bus 2. I / practice / English grammar 3. My teacher / listen / to me 4. Leaves / fall / from trees 5. I / watch TV 6. I / sit / on a chair 7. I / think hard 8. My group mates/do/this exercise too 9. It / rain / heavily 10.I / have tea / with my friends

 

Exercise№3. Open the brackets using Present Continuous.

1. It’s so quiet in the house. Where are the children? – They (sleep).

2. You (always/come) late. Don’t you realize it’s not polite to keep people waiting?

3. Jane (return) from her holiday tomorrow, … she? – Oh, yes, we are going to meet her at the station.

4. As far as I know, he (not/look) for a new job.

5. What they (work at) at the moment? – I have no idea. They (make) more and more experiments.

6. I (move) to a new flat at the weekend. Perhaps you can help me if you (not/do) anything special.

 

Exercise№4. Complete the sentences. Use the correct time markers.

1. ____ we’re washing our clothes.

a. Right now b. Every Wednesday

2. ____ we wash our sheets and pillowcases.

a. Now b. Every Wednesday

3. They ____ go to rock concerts.

a. often b. at the moment

4. ____ they’re going to jazz concert.

a. Sometimes b. Now

5. I usually go to the cinema ____

a. once a week b. today

6. I’m going to the theatre ____

a. several times a year b. today

 

Exercise№5. Play charades. Act out a situation in front of your class. The class guesses what you are doing. Choose one of the following situations.

1. You are watching a sad movie.

2. You a sleeping and snoring.

3. You are reading a very boring book.

4. You are telling your friend a secret.

5. You are eating very spicy food.

6. You are ill. You are coughing and sneezing.

 

State Verbs (глаголы состояния) не описывают действие, поэтому не могут употребляться в Continuous: • глаголы, выражающие восприятия, ощущения (see, hear, feel, taste, smell) This cake tastes delicious. • глаголы, выражающие мыслительную деятельность (know, think, remember, forget, recognize, believe, understand, notice, realize, seem, sound и др.) I don’t know his name. • глаголы, выражающие эмоции, желания (love, like, dislike, hate, prefer, want и др.) Sue loves her Granny. • include, matter need, belong, cost, mean, own, appear, have, be и др. I’m tired now. I own a car. Некоторые глаголы состояния могут употребляться в Continuous, но при этом они меняют свое значение. I see a plane. – Я вижу самолет. I’m seeing Sam tonight. – Я увижусь с Сэмом сегодня вечером. Tom is tasting the turkey. – Том пробует индейку. It tastes delicious. – Она очень вкусная. I’m thinking about English grammar. – Я думаю/размышляю об английской грамматике. I think it’s interesting.(=consider) – Я считаю ее интересной. Глагол have не употребляется в Continuous только в прямом значении – «иметь»(possess). В устойчивых фразах данный глагол может употребляться в Continuous: have a lesson, have a smoke, have breakfast/dinner, have a bath/shower, have fun/difficulty, etc. She is having a bath. (=actively involved in)

 

Exercise№6. Find the state verbs in the questions. Then match the questions with the answers.

1. c Does the meat taste good? 2. __Do you understand me? 3. __Does he know your last name? 4. __Does this book belong to her? 5. __Why does he hate this politician? 6. __What do you see? 7. __Do you own your home? 8. __Do you smell smoke? 9. __Do you love me?   a) Of course I do. My heart belongs to you. b) Nothing, it’s a foggy day. c) No, it doesn’t. It’s too salty. d) No, you are speaking too fast. e) No, we are renting. f) Yes, but he doesn’t know how to pronounce it. g) No, it’s my book. h) Because he is lying to us. i) No, I have a cold.

Exercise№7. Write sentences. Use the present simple tense or the present continuous. Don’t forget about word order.

1. to / book / This / to belong / me

2. to paint / Right now / Don / the kitchen

3. the tape / Michael / to understand, not

4. to wear, not / I / a suit / today

5. now / They / a / car / new / to have

6. now / to rain / It

7. He / to talk, not / at the moment

8. He / a computer / to have

9. They / now / a lesson / to have

 

Exercise№8. Open the brackets.

1. I (not/belong) to a political party.

2. Hurry! The bus (come). I (not/ want) to miss it.

3. The River Nile (flow) into the Mediterranean.

4. The river (flow) very fast today – much faster than usual.

5. We (have) a party next Saturday. Would you like to come?

6. (it / ever snow) in India?

7. A: Can you drive?

B: No, but I (learn). My father (teach) me.

8. George says he’s 80 years old but I (not/believe) him.

9. Ron (be) in London at the moment. He (stay) at the Hilton Hotel. He usually (stay) at the Hilton Hotel in London.

10. I (not/go) away for my holidays next month because I haven’t got enough money. (you/go) away?

 




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