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The Future Simple Tense




The Future Simple Tense Form:will + V1 will not = won’t They will finish the work. Will they finish the work? They won’t finish the work. Usage:1. Действие в отдаленном будущем. Обычно с глаголами: think, believe, expect; выражениями: be sure, be afraid; наречиями: perhaps, probably, certainly, etc. His parents think he will become an artist some day. I’m afraid I will fail the exam. 2. Только что принятое, спонтанное решение. The soup smells strange. I won’t eat it. 3. Действие в будущем, на которое мы не можем повлиять. Jill will be 2 years next month. 4. Используется для выражения просьб, надежд, угроз, обещаний, предупреждений. Обычно с глаголами: promise, swear, guarantee, hope, etc. I hope I will pass the exam successfully. Time expressions:tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next week/month/year, tonight, soon, in a week/month/year, etc.

 

Exercise№1. Match the sentences.

1. He isn’t wearing a sweater. 2. He doesn’t know the answer. 3. The children are having a lot of fun in the swimming pool. 4. He won a prize. 5. Hurry, take your seats. 6. You need batteries. 7. Don’t save any food for me. a) I won’t be home for dinner. b) He will be happy to hear the news. c) That radio won’t work without them. d) He’ll be cold. e) The game will begin in five minutes. f) They won’t get out of the water. g) He’ll have the answer for you tomorrow.

 

Exercise№2. Make sentences and general questions from the following words. Underline verbs in the Future Simple tense. Translate.

1. will / The doctor / you / in a few minutes / see

2. be / I’ll / back / in an hour

3. pay for / the damage / I’ll

4. Will / help / you / please / me?

5. in a few months / They / forget / their problems / will

6. won’t / his bills / on time / He / pay

7. Will / me / you / marry?

8. arrive / Will / the plane / before dark?

Exercise№3. Answer these questions using the words in brackets.

Example: When do you think he’ll arrive? (expect / tonight) - I expect he’ll arrive tonight.

1. What do you think she’ll say? (probably / nothing) She …

2. Where do you think she’ll go? (expect / London) I …

3. When do you think she’ll leave? (think / tomorrow) I …

4. How do you think she’ll go there? (expect / by train) I …

5. When do you think she’ll be back? (think / quite soon) I …

6. Do you think you’ll miss her? (I’m sure / very much) Yes, …

 

Кроме the Future Simple Tenseдействие в будущем могут выражать: the Present Continuous / be going to – запланированное действие в будущем, часто в ближайшем. Сравните: Helen’s bicycle has a flat tire. Helen: My bicycle has a flat tire. Can you repair it for me? Father: OK, but I can’t do it now. I’ll repair it tomorrow. (спонтанное решение, обещание) Later. Mother: Can you repair Helen’s bicycle? Father: Yes. She told me. I’m going to repair it tomorrow. (запланированное действие) Выражение be going to обычно не употребляется с глаголами движения. He is coming for the weekend. Не забывайте, что the Present Continuous не употребляется с глаголами состояния. Нельзя использовать the Present Continuous для предположений, в этих случаях употребляется структура be going to. That restaurant is expensive. A dinner is going to cost a lot. Look at those black clouds. It’s going to rain this afternoon. The Present Simple Tense: 1. Действие в соответствии с программой или расписанием. The Berlin train arrives in Moscow at 6 p.m. 2. Будущее действие в придаточных времени и условия. The Future Simple не используется после if/whether, unless, when, while, before, until, as soon as, after, by the time, etc. He won’t come unless you invite him personally. As soon as I finish I will go for a walk.

 

Exercise№4. Choose the correct answer.

1. Do you have any plans for tonight? – Well, I … to the cinema with Mark.

a) go b) am going c) am going to go d) will go

2. The dress suits you wonderfully! – Yes, I think I … it.

a) will buy b) buy c) am going to buy

3. Do you know that Ann and Andrew … in a month? – Oh, really?

a) will get married b) get married c) are getting married

4. When … the second term …?

a) will…start b) does…start c) is…going to start

5. We … a test on Monday. I have to revise a lot of rules.

a) have b) are having c) will have

6. Why are you buying so much wallpaper? – My husband and I … our flat.

a) are going to redecorate b) will redecorate c) redecorate

7. We … to a new flat next week.

a) are moving b)will move c) move

8. The concert … at 7 p.m. So let’s meet at 6.45 near the concert hall.

a) will begin b) is going to begin c) begins

9. I’m hungry. – Me too. I … some sandwiches.

a) am going to make b) am making c) will make

10) Oh, the bus is so slow! I hope we … late.

a) aren’t going to be b) aren’t c) won’t be

Exercise№5. Put the verbs in brackets in the Present or Future Simple.

1. Before you (leave), don’t forget to shut the windows.

2. When I (see) Tom tomorrow, I (invite) him to our party.

3. I (phone) you as soon as I (arrive) in London.

4. Everyone (be) very surprised if he (pass) the exam.

5. When you (see) Brian again, you (not/recognize) him.

6. We (not/start) dinner until Jack (arrive).

7. (you/be) lonely without me while I (be) away?

8. If I (need) any help, I (ask) you.

9. Come on! Hurry up! Ann (be) annoyed if we (be) late.

Exercise№6. Put the verbs in brackets in the Future Simple, the Present Simple or the Present Continuous.

1. A: (you/do) anything on Friday morning?

B: No, I’m free.

2. A: I (go) to the cinema. Do you want to come with me?

B: What time (the film/start)?

3. A: The new exhibition (open) on April 3d and (finish) on May 31st.

B: I know. I (go) on the first day.

4. A: Excuse me, what time (the train/leave)?

B: At 7.30.

5. A: I’m really thirsty.

B: I (get) a glass of water.

6. A: How old is your sister?

B: She (be) twelve next week.

7. A: What are you doing tonight?

B: I (probably/watch) TV after dinner.

Exercise№7. Work with a partner. Talk about a change that is going to take place in your life or in the life of someone you know. For example, is someone going to get married / graduate from University / retire / start a new job, etc? Tell your partner the change. Then your partner asks questions about the situation. Answer your partner’s questions.

Example:

A: My sister is going to get married next month.

B: Oh really! Where is she going to live?

A: She’s going to live in Moscow.

B: What is she going to do?

A: She’s going to look for a new job.

B: Who is she going to marry?

A: A man she met at school.

B: Are they going to have a big wedding?

A: Yes, they are.




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