ТОР 5 статей:
Quantifiers some / any / no
Exercise№1. Fill in a/an or some.
1. I read ___ book and listened to ___ music.
2. I need ___ money. I want to buy ___ food.
3. We met ___ interesting people at the party.
4. I’m going to open ___ window to get ___ fresh air.
5. She didn’t eat much for lunch – only ___ apple and ___ bread.
6. We live in ___ big house. There’s ___ nice garden with ___ beautiful trees.
7. I’m going to make ___ table. First I need ___ wood.
8. Listen to me carefully. I’m going to give you ___ advice.
9. I want to write ___ letter. I need ___ paper and ___ pen.
Exercise№2. Fill in some or any.
1. I’m going to buy ___ posters.
2. There aren’t ___ shops in this part of the town.
3. George and Alice haven’t got ___ children.
4. Have you got ___ brothers or sisters?
5. Are there ___ letters for me?
6. Would you like ___ tea?
7. We haven’t got ___ bread, so I’m going out to buy ___.
8. During our holidays we visited ___ very interesting places.
9. I went out to buy ___ milk but they didn’t have ___ in the shop.
10. I’m thirsty. Can I have ___ water, please?
Exercise№3. Complete the sentences. Use some or any+one of the words:
air cheese help milk photographs
batteries friends languages letters shampoo
1. I want to wash my hair. Is there _____?
2. This evening I’m going to write _____.
3. I haven’t got my camera, so I can’t take ______.
4. Do you speak ___ foreign _____?
5. Yesterday evening I went to a restaurant with _____ of mine.
6. Can I have _____ in my coffee, please?
7. The radio isn’t working. There aren’t _____ in it.
8. It’s hot in this office. I’m going out for ___ fresh ___.
9. ‘Would you like _____?’- ‘No, thank you. I’ve had enough to eat.’
10. I can do this job alone. I don’t need _____.
Exercise№4. Fill in somebody/anybody,something/anything, somewhere/anywhere.
1. She said ____ but I didn’t understand anything.
2. Has ___ found my blue pencil? – No, I’m sorry.
3. Would ___ help me, please? – Yes, I can help you.
4. Have you got ___ to eat? – No, I haven’t.
5. Tom, can you give me ___ to drink, please?
6. Is there ___ in the house? – No, it’s deserted.
7. Do you know ___ about London transport? – No, I don’t.
8. What’s wrong? – There’s ___ in my eye.
9. He never does ___ homework.
10. ___ has broken the window. I don’t know who.
11. He didn’t say ___.
12. I’m looking for my keys. Has ___ seen them? – No, I’m sorry.
13. Teach me ___ exciting.
14. I didn’t eat ___ because I wasn’t hungry.
15. Dad, can we go ___ on Sunday? – Yes, what about going to the zoo?
Exercise№5 . Complete the sentences with no- or anybody/anything/anywhere.
1. I don’t want ___ to drink. I’m not thirsty.
2. The bus was completely empty. There was ___ on it.
3. ‘Where did you go for your holidays?’- ‘___. I stayed at home.’
4. I went to the shops but didn’t buy ___.
5. ‘What did you buy?’- ‘___. I couldn’t find ___ I wanted.’
6. The town was still the same when I returned years later. ___ had changed.
7. Have you seen my watch? I’ve looked all over the house but can’t find it ___.
8. There was complete silence in the room. ___ said ___.
Exercise№6. Complete the sentences. Use any+noun or anyone/anybody, anything, anywhere.
1. Which bus do I have to catch? – Any bus. They all go to the centre.
2. Which day shall I come? - I don’t mind. _____.
3. What do you want to eat? –_____. I don’t mind. Whatever you have.
4. Where shall I sit? - It’s up to you. You can sit _____ you like.
5. What sort of job are you looking for? - _____. It doesn’t matter.
6. What time shall I phone tomorrow? - _____. I’ll be in all day.
7. Who shall I invite to the party? – I don’t mind. _____ you like.
8. Which newspaper shall I buy? - _____. Whatever they have in the shop.
Exercise№7. Fill in some/any, something/anything, someone/anyone.
1. Where is Dad? – In the garage. He is repairing _____.
2. Look, there is ___ sitting under the tree. – Sorry, I can’t see ___. It’s too dark.
3. The children want to have ___ crisps for their party but we don’t have ___.
4. I can’t find my bag. – Is there ___ in it? - Yes, of course, ___ popcorn, ___chocolate but not ___ money.
5. Where is Tom? – He is at the shop. He is buying ___ for lunch.
6. I’d like ___ milk for breakfast. – Sorry, but we haven’t got ___ milk. But you can have ___ orange juice.
7. Yesterday there was a box in the street. – Was there ___ in it? – Yes, there were ___ old magazines in it.
8. I can’t pay. I haven’t got ___ money.
9. I didn’t need ___ to help me.
10. She wanted to do ___ to help me.
Exercise№8. Translate into English.
1. Дайте мне что-нибудь поесть.
2. Есть ли кто-либо в этой комнате?
3. Никто не ответил на наше письмо.
4. Ходил ли он куда-либо вчера?
5. Хотите ли вы взять с собой что-либо?
6. Вы что-то сказали?
7. Сделайте что-нибудь, чтобы прекратить этот шум.
8. Пойдет ли кто-нибудь в парк сегодня вечером?
9. Мы нигде не могли посмотреть этот фильм.
10. Купили ли вы что-либо вчера в магазине?
Exercise №1. Match the parts of the sentences to make one and correct.
Exercise №2. Decide which conditional it is, 0 or 1? Put the verbs in the correct form.
1. If you ………………(drop) an apple, it ………………(fall).
2. I ………………(get) tired if I ………………(work) too much.
3. Water ………………(boil) if you ………………(heat) it to 100 C.
4. I ………………(phone) my friend if I ………………(have) time today.
5. If you ………………(freeze) water, it ………………(turn) into ice.
6. If it ………………(rain) today, I ………………(stay) at home.
7. If I ………………(see) you tomorrow, I ………………(buy) you a drink.
8. We………………(go)to the beach if it……………… (be) warm tomorrow.
Exercise №3. Match the parts of the sentences to make one and correct.
Exercise №4. Fill in the sentences with the correct form of the given verb.
Exercise №5. Fill in the sentences with the correct form of the given verb.
Exercise №6. Rewrite each sentence. Start with if. Be careful with modal verbs.
1. I hope he asks me to marry him because I would accept.
2. I’m planning to get a laptop so I can send emails when I’m travelling.
3. I don’t want to be late for my interview so I hope the train comes on time.
4. Maribel hopes to pass the driving test because she wants to buy a car.
5. The government wants to build more roads but they don’t have enough money.
6. I’d like to swim more often but I don’t live near a pool.
7. Terry would like to travel around the world but he’s scared of flying.
8. Celia’s dream is to join a choir but unfortunately she can’t sing.
Exercise №7. Find and translate sentences with 2 conditional from the text.
Tim wants a job in a restaurant. The chef interviews him.
Chef: Now Tim, some more difficult questions. Don’t worry, these are not everyday situations. What would you do if there were a fire in the kitchen?
Tim: I would run away if I saw a fire.
Chef: I see. If a waiter shouted at you, would you do anything?
Tim: Yes, I’d throw a cake at him if he didn’t stop.
Chef: Hmm. If the shops were closed and you needed some eggs, where would you get some?
Tim: If I wanted some eggs, I’d look for a chicken.
Well, have you decided? If you were the chef, would Tim get the job?
Exercise №8. In your exercise book, copy and complete these sentences with if…, using a comma if necessary.
1. If I found some money on the street, …
2. … I’d fly to Peru.
3. …I might jump out of the window.
4. If I met a celebrity…
5. … she wouldn’t be very pleased.
6. I would be really worried…
7. … I’d invite all my friends to a big party.
8. … I couldn’t get home.
9. If I got a car for my birthday…
10. I’d phone the police if…
Exercise №9. Put the verb into the correct tense. The situation refers to the past.
1. If I hadn’t been rude to him yesterday, we (not, quarrel).
2. If she (not, throw) away some important papers, I wouldn’t be so angry.
3. I wouldn’t have taken a taxi if I (not, have) so much luggage.
4. He (not, lose) his way if you had explained to him how to get there.
5. They (help) if you had told the truth.
6. He wouldn’t have lost his way if you (meet) him.
7. If you (call) the police, they would have arrested him.
8. If they hadn’t be in a hurry, they (not, refuse) to drive you to the station.
9. I (explain) everything to you if you had asked me.
10. If you (ask) for advice, I would have advised you to stay at home.
Exercise №10. Read a situation and write a sentence with if.
1. Sue is unhappy because John doesn’t love her.
2. Ann was so happy yesterday because Paul told he loved her.
3. Glen stayed at home because the weather was bad.
4. Molly doesn’t trust him because she doesn’t know him well.
5. Peter didn’t argue because he didn’t know the subject well.
6. I didn’t drink the coffee because it wasn’t tasty.
7. The child learnt the poem quickly because it was simple.
8. I took the cat home because it looked unhappy.
9. I don’t watch TV because I don’t have much time.
10. I read a lot because I want to know a lot.
Exercise №11. Make sentences, as in the example.
Example: I don’t walk much. – If I were you, I would walk much.
I’ve sold my car. – If I were you, I wouldn’t have sold my car.
1. I didn’t go to the party.
2. I ate a lot yesterday.
3. I don’t learn English.
4. I always trust people.
5. I told him the truth.
6. I didn’t buy that bag.
7. I smoke a lot.
8. I don’t eat much fruit.
9. I didn’t take part in the championship.
10. I’m angry with you.
Exercise №12. Choose the correct form of the verbs to complete the sentences.
1- If Steven hadn’t passed the exam, he ___________________ to university.
a. Didn’t go b. Wouldn’t go c. Wouldn’t have gone
2- If you ___________________ some ice in a drink, it makes it cooler.
a. Have put b. Put c. Will put
3- I ___________________ for the cinema if you pay for the restaurant.
a. Paid b. Will pay c. Am paying
4- If you___________________ a positive attitude, you won’t succeed in business.
a. Don’t have b. Didn’t have c. Haven’t had
5- What ___________________ if your car broke down on the motorway?
a. Will you do b. Would you do c. Are you doing
6- I ___________________ by taxi if I were you
a. Would go b. Must go c. Will go
7- If John got a pay rise, we ___________________ to a bigger apartment.
a. Might have moved b. Might be moving c. Might move
8- They ___________________ that hotel if they’d known how expensive it was.
a. Didn’t choose b. Wouldn’t have chosen c. Wouldn’t choose.
Exercise №13. Rewrite the sentences, as in the example.
Example: I didn’t book a room in a hotel. That’s why I have problems now. – If I had booked a room in a hotel, I wouldn’t have problems now.
1. You didn’t take the pills. That’s why you feel bad now.
2. I didn’t clean the room yesterday that’s why I have to do it now.
3. The film is interesting. I’ve seen it twice.
4. Peter is a good lawyer. He earned a lot of money last year.
5. Pam hasn’t given up smoking that’s why she feels awful.
6. Tom is a brilliant player. He scored three goals during the previous match.
7. You are late again. Why didn’t you take a taxi?
8. The bag is cheap that’s why I bought it.
9. I’m afraid of flying. I didn’t go there by plane.
10. Jack lost the race. He is not a champion now.
Exercise№1.Fill in the gaps with say or tell in the correct form.
1. Kathy _____ her friends the truth about what had happened that night.
2. 'I'll call you later', he _____to her.
3. Ken _____ us that he was having a barbecue at the weekend.
4. 'Please turn the volume down,' Cindy ____.
5. 'Open your books at page 29', _____ the teacher to her pupils.
6. 'Could you _____ me the time, please?' he asked me.
7. Jane ran down the stairs, _____ good morning and left for work.
8. My grandmother used to _____ us exciting stories by the fire every night.
9. 'Why did you ____ everybody my secret?' he asked.
10. 'I'm sorry. I can't _____ you the way to the station because I'm lost too,' he said.
11. Richard (1)_____ Sarah that he was having a party on Saturday night. He (2)_____ that it would start early but it would finish quite late. He (3)______ her to bring her sister along as well. Sarah (4)_____ she was looking forward to going. Richard (5)_____ her he would probably call again on Friday to(6)______ her the way to his house.
12. 'Call me at 5 o'clock,' he _____ to me.
13. Susan _____ the class about her trip to Kenya.
14. 'Don't take my glass!' she _____ angrily.
15. Grace _____ us that she was moving house.
Exercise№2. Turn from direct into reported speech.
1. 'I can't find my bag,' she said.
2. 'They are working in the garden,' he said.
3. 'We got married six months ago,' she said to us.
4. 'I'll go shopping tomorrow,' he said.
5. 'I bought a new car last week,' he said.
6. 'We aren't doing anything next week,' they said.
7. 'I can't go out tonight,' she said to me.
8. 'I forgot to pay the bill,' he said.
9. 'We've bought you a present,' she said to me.
10. 'I'll phone you tomorrow,' she said to Peter.
11. 'I've been seeing patients all morning,' the doctor said.
12. 'I'm going to the dentist now,' said Lynn.
13. 'You can find a lot of information on the Internet,' Paul said to his sister.
14. 'Jamie has never seen a dolphin before,' John said.
15. 'The sun rises in the east,' the teacher said.
Exercise№3.In which of the following sentences do the tenses not change? Why? Then, turn the following statements from direct into reported speech.
1. 'I'll paint the house next week,' he says.
2. 'I've put the washing in the washing machine,' Rose said.
3. 'A giraffe is bigger than a mouse,' he said.
4. 'We haven't seen Tom for two weeks,' she said.
5. 'I haven't phoned my uncle since last month,' she says.
6. 'Birds can fly,' the student said.
7. 'Leaves fall from the trees in autumn,' he said.
8. 'He is studying for an exam now,' she said.
9. 'We visited the circus last weekend,' they said.
10. 'She dropped the vase on the floor,' Tony said.
11. 'He took the money to the bank this morning,' she said.
12. 'The earth moves round the sun,' the teacher said.
Exercise№4.Turn the following questions from direct into reported speech.
1. She asked, 'Can you play the piano?'
2. He asked, 'Do you like fish?'
3. 'Who broke the window?' the teacher asked the students.
4. 'Where are you going on holiday this year?' Josh asked me.
5. 'What time is the wedding?' Helen asked.
6. 'What have you done today?' Mother asked.
7. 'Did John go to the party last night?'Jill asked.
8. 'Why are you laughing?' Philip asked.
9. She asked, 'Will you take me to work tomorrow?'
10. 'How long does it take you to walk home from here?' Peter asked.
11. 'Will you lend me some money?' Lesley asked Sara.
12. 'Who is this man?' the old lady asked her husband.
13. 'Why did they miss their flight to Canada?' Paul asked.
14. 'When will you visit your parents?' Sheila asked.
15. 'Have you seen my blue jacket anywhere?' she asked.
Exercise№5. Rewrite these sentences in direct speech.
1. Fred asked me what I wanted to eat.
2. Ann told Frank that his friend was waiting for him.
3. Mr. Jones said that he has paid the bill.
4. Helen told Janet that she hadn't bought a new dress yet.
5. Sue asked me if I would help her with her homework.
Exercise№6. Turn from direct into reported speech.
1. Mary said to me, 'Come with me, please. '
2. The shop assistant said to the child, 'Don't touch anything.'
3. The secretary said to me, 'Wait here, please.'
4. She said, 'Shall we go swimming?'
5. The park keeper said to them, 'Don't walk on the grass.'
6. He said to them, 'Don't stay out late tonight.'
7. Anny said to Barry, 'Please, please help me.'
8. 'Don't worry so much.' said Jane to me.
9. 'Turn off the television!' his mother said/
10. 'Could you have the project ready by Monday?' Peter said to Sue.
Exercise№7.Complete the sentences using the words in bold. Use two to five words.
1. 'Don't touch the switch with wet hands,' she said to him.
toShe told _______________ the switch with wet hands.
2. 'What did you see in the distance?' she asked me.
seenShe asked ____________ in the distance.
3. 'Have you got a pen?' he asked her.
ifHe ___________ got a pen.
4. 'Don't touch the exhibits,' the museum guide said to us.
warnedThe museum guide __________ the exhibits.
5. 'Be quiet!' the teacher said to us.
toldThe teacher __________ quiet.
6. 'Have you spoken to Ann yet?' he asked me.
hadHe asked me __________ to Ann yet.
7. 'Why didn't you call the police?' he asked me.
calledHe asked me ___________ the police.
8. 'I will need your help,' he said to Jane.
wouldHe told Jane ____________ help.
Exercise№8. Choose an introductory verb and turn the following from direct into reported speech.
advised(x2), asked, ordered, warned, promised, begged, offered, refused, suggested
1. 'I think you should eat more vegetables,' my mother said to me.
2. 'Please get me a glass of water,' he said to Jill.
3. 'No, I won't help you,' she said to Jim.
4. 'I'll buy you something nice for your birthday,' her mother said to her.
5. 'Don't play near the road because it's dangerous,' he said to us.
6. 'Would you like me to do the shopping?' she said.
7. 'Please, please don't leave me alone in the dark,' she said to her parents.
8. 'How about going to the cinema tonight?' he said.
9. 'Go to bed!.. Now!' his father said to him.
10. 'Shall we watch a video?' they said.
Exercise№9.Complete each sentence with two to five words, including the word in bold.
1. 'I'm not giving you any ice cream until you have eaten your dinner,' said Barry's mother.
refusedBarry's mother __________ any ice cream until he had eaten his dinner.
2. 'I'm sorry I've broken the window,' said Sean.
apologisedSean __________ the window.
3. 'Shall I help you carry the box?' asked Tom.
offeredTom ___________ the box.
4. 'You should tell your parents the truth,' my friend said to me.
advisedMy friend __________ my parents the truth.
5. 'Could you go to the bank?' he said to me.
askedHe __________ the bank.
6. 'I really will remember to feed the fish,' Maurice said.
promisedMaurice ____________ the fish.
7. 'No, I won't drive you to the football match,' Mum said to me.
refusedMum __________ the football match.
8. 'Why don't we go to Paris for our holiday this year?' she said.
suggestedShe __________ Paris for their holiday that year.
9. 'You opened my letters,' he said to Ann.
accusedHe __________ his letters.
10. 'Don't drive so fast!' the policeman said to Jenny.
warnedThe policeman ____________ so fast.
Exercise№10. Use appropriate introductory verbs to rewrite the sentences in reported speech.
1. 'I will never tell lies again,' he said.
2. 'You should go to the dentist,' she said to me.
3. 'I'm sorry I spilt coffee on your carpet,' he said.
4. 'We could go to the cinema tonight,' she said.
5. 'No, I won't come with you,' he said to me.
6. 'Yes, I cheated in the exam,' he said to me.
7. 'Stop teasing me or I'll tell the teacher,' Suzie said to Bill.
8. 'I didn't say anything to the police,' he said.
9. 'Don't go sailing without a life jacket,' the instructor told us.
10. 'Stand up at once!' the sergeant said to the soldier.
Exercise№11.Turn the following sentences into reported speech, as in the example.
'I'm sorry I'm late for the lesson,' Sam said. 'I missed the bus.'→ Sam apologised for being late for the lesson and said (that) he had missed the bus.
1. 'You'd better go to bed,' Mum said. 'You have to get up early tomorrow.'
2. 'Shall I help you with your suitcases?' Stan asked. 'They look very heavy.'
3. 'I didn't take your wallet,' Karen said. 'Ben took it.'
4. 'Would you like to go to the opera?' Maria asked. 'I've got an extra ticket.'
5. 'You broke the lamp,' Leo said. 'I saw you do it.'
6. 'Yes, I'll take you to the station,' Dad said. 'I'm going that way anyway.'
7. 'Please, please don't go into the house.' Amy said. 'There is someone in there.'
8. 'Don't touch the iron,' Jane said. 'It's very hot.'
9. 'Do a hundred sit-ups,' the sergeant said to the soldiers. 'Don't take too long, either!'
10. 'Who's there?' she asked. 'Come in.'
Exercise№12. Turn the following sentences from reported into direct speech.
1. Trevor asked me if I had posted the letter.
2. Sarah told me she was looking for a new job.
3. Brian wanted to know what time the train to Leeds left.
4. She said that she didn't like jogging.
5. He said he would be back the following day.
6. He asked how much my new car had cost.
7. I asked Marie if she could do the shopping for me.
8. Jill asked Roy to close the window.
9. Julia begged her parents to let her go to the party.
10. Adam said that he had never ridden a horse before.
Exercise№13. Rewrite the texts in direct speech.
A. Julie asked where Steve was. Ann said he had gone shopping. Julie asked if he would be long. Ann told her he would be back any minute.
B. Paul asked what the time was. Sue said it was 10:30. Paul said that he couldn't wait any more. Sue told him to go back to work. Paul asked if he could leave a message for Steve. Sue asked him to write it in Steve's diary.
Exercise№14.Turn the underlined sentences from reported into direct speech.
I met an old friend yesterday. I hadn't seen her for two years. I asked what she had been doing. We decided to go for a drink. We sat in a cafe for three hours. We talked about many different things. She asked me to give her my phone number and she wrote it down. When we left the cafe, I told her to call me very soon.
Exercise№15. Correct the mistakes.
1. He asked me where was the post office.
2. She suggested to visit the zoo.
3. Mother said, 'You must always say the truth.'
4. The doctor told me to not exercise a lot.
5. My parents offered giving me a lift to the railway station.
6. Our teacher said to us that the test was quite easy.
7. She asked how could she contact me.
8. He said that Kate had left the last month.
9. The old man told good night and went to bed.
10. Jenny said me, 'I hate Math.'
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